Diplomacy

Technology in the war and Impact data

 

 

 

 

Technology in the war

 

Through history, technological advances in wars have been improved obtaining unbelievable increase in war deaths as we can see in the next tables from A study of War by Quincy Wright.

 

 

 

Graphics obtained from:

Roland, Alex "Technology and war"

 <http://www.unc.edu/depts/diplomat/AD_Issues/amditl_4/roland.html> (25/02/06)

 

 

 

This article will describe some weapons that have been employed in modern combat or will play an important role in the future.

 

Nuclear bombs

For example: in the World War II, the atomic bomb was used. It consists in the forces, weak and strong that are found in the nucleus. The nuclear fission and the nuclear fusion are the two principal ways for obtaining nuclear energy reflected as heat energy and radiation.

 

Nuclear fission consists in the destruction of a nucleus in two parts by a neutron and isotopes of uranium (uranium-235, uranium-233) or plutonium-239.

 

Nuclear fusion is based on bringing two smaller atoms of hydrogen and joined them forming a larger one: helium or helium isotopes.

 

The effects of this arm depend upon the distance from the bomb blast's center known as hypocenter. At this point, everything is vaporized by the high temperature. After this zone, the particles of radiation enter to all particles of water causing injuries, cancer, burns, congenital diseases, leukemia and infertility. All of these effects can be transmitted to next generations.

 

Dirty bombs

This weapon was used in terrorist attacks towards USA. It is an explosive that has radioactive material causing effects not only during years, but even decades. Known as a radiological dispersion bomb, some of its consequences are death by the explosion's force and radiation sickness. Also it is considered more a disruptive weapon than a destructive weapon.

 

Machine Guns

With the advent of this technology, it was suddenly possible for a soldier to shoot dozens of people in a matter of seconds.

This arm played an important role in the World War I and II. It is a weapon that triggers hundreds of bullets every minute with an excellent accuracy.

 

E-bomb or electromagnetic bomb.

The objective of this weapon is to destroy all type of electricity and machines that used it. So it will disqualify a city or a military unit.

 

 

Chemical and biological weapons.

In World War II the chemical weapons were used but they had extremely dangerous effects.  So nations decided not to use these arms for war in the Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare. The problem is that terrorists do not apply this treat, for example: in the Gulf War, Iraq threatened to use them. These  weapons do not have limits, they attack everything.

 

As we can see the technology in the war has been developing and it does not have a stop. It only increases deaths.

 

Back to Index

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impact data

 

All of this can be proved with the next data that shows the reality of the world in which we actually live:

The FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) declared that daily 100, 000 people in the world die for hunger.

The world's food production covers 110% of the necessities; this means that there is a surplus of 10%, which obviously is not getting to the ones that need it the most. This can be explained by knowing that, in the USA, 5% of the population produces the 43% of the goods. This small percentage has the sufficient economical power to decide for "all the country's interests", while they are only thinking in the ones of their own.

 

Also, the FAO stated that with 50, 000 million dollars annually, hunger could be eradicated from the world; while the United States Congress is looking to approve the concession of 75,000 million dollars for the finance of one month of war, and annually 900,000 million dollars are being assigned for defense and war preparation. A defensive program is only needed when it is certain that we can be attacked. 90% of the North American population has a gun; this is only a reflection of their fear. The truth is that we all live with a constant fear of being attacked, it is time to stop, we all want to live in peace and real diplomacy is the only way for achieving this.

 

United States uses the 4% of his PIB to military expenses; this percentage is equivalent to 193 other ONU members' expenses together.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Back to Index

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Image obtained from:

 

"Technology of war" [Online]<http://science.howstuffworks.com/war-tech.htm> (21/02/06)

 

 

Image obtained from:

 

"Technology of war" [Online]<http://science.howstuffworks.com/war-tech.htm> (21/02/06)

 

 

Image obtained from:

Townsend, Tom "Machine gun" <http://www.tomtownsend-toyland.com/toyland/m1917_machine_gun.htm> (26/02/06)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Image obtained from:

"Technology of war" [Online] <http://science.howstuffworks.com/war-tech.htm> (21/02/06)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Image obtained from:

 

"Technology of war" [Online] <http://science.howstuffworks.com/war-tech.htm> (21/02/06)